H/P Phrases

Safety at work with chemicals




GHS Hazard and Precautionary Statements, H/P phrases, are the successor to the R/S phrases.




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H-phrases
H200Unstable explosives.
H201Explosive; mass explosion hazard.
H202Explosive, severe projection hazard.
H203Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard.
H204Fire or projection hazard.
H205May mass explode in fire.
H220Extremely flammable gas.
H221Flammable gas.
H222Extremely flammable aerosol.
H223Flammable aerosol.
H224Extremely flammable liquid and vapour.
H225Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
H226Flammable liquid and vapour.
H228Flammable solid.
H240Heating may cause an explosion.
H241Heating may cause a fire or explosion.
H242Heating may cause a fire.
H250Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air.
H251Self-heating: may catch fire.
H252Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire.
H260In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously.
H261In contact with water releases flammable gas.
H270May cause or intensify fire; oxidizer.
H271May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer.
H272May intensify fire; oxidizer.
H280Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated.
H281Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury.
H290May be corrosive to metals.
H300Fatal if swallowed.
H301Toxic if swallowed.
H302Harmful if swallowed.
H304May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
H310Fatal in contact with skin.
H311Toxic in contact with skin.
H312Harmful in contact with skin.
H314Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
H315Causes skin irritation.
H317May cause an allergic skin reaction.
H318Causes serious eye damage.
H319Causes serious eye irritation.
H330Fatal if inhaled.
H331Toxic if inhaled.
H332Harmful if inhaled.
H334May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.
H335May cause respiratory irritation.
H336May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
H340May cause genetic defects <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.
H341Suspected of causing genetic defects <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.
H350May cause cancer <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.
H351Suspected of causing cancer <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.
H360May damage fertility or the unborn child <state specific effect if known > <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.
H361Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child <state specific effect if known> <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.
H362May cause harm to breast-fed children.
H370Causes damage to organs <or state all organs affected, if known> <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.
H371May cause damage to organs <or state all organs affected, if known> <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.
H372Causes damage to organs <or state all organs affected, if known> through prolonged or repeated exposure <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.
H373May cause damage to organs <or state all organs affected, if known> through prolonged or repeated exposure <state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard>.
H400Very toxic to aquatic life.
H410Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
H411Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
H412Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
H413May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life.

Supplemental hazard information.

Physical properties
EUH 001Explosive when dry.
EUH 006Explosive with or without contact with air.
EUH 014Reacts violently with water.
EUH 018In use may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture.
EUH 019May form explosive peroxides.
EUH 044Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.

Health properties
EUH 029Contact with water liberates toxic gas.
EUH 031Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.
EUH 032Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.
EUH 066Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.
EUH 070Toxic by eye contact
EUH 071Corrosive to the respiratory tract.

Environmental properties
EUH 059Hazardous to the ozone layer.

Supplemental label elements/information on certain substances and mixtures
EUH 201
201A
Contains lead. Should not be used on surfaces liable to be chewed or sucked by children.
Warning! Contains lead.
EUH 202Cyanoacrylate. Danger. Bonds skin and eyes in seconds. Keep out of the reach of children.
EUH 203Contains chromium (VI). May produce an allergic reaction.
EUH 204Contains isocyanates. See information supplied by the manufacturer.
EUH 205Contains epoxy constituents. See information supplied by the manufacturer.
EUH 206Warning! Do not use together with other products. May release dangerous gases (chlorine).
EUH 207Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer. Comply with the safety instructions.
EUH 208Contains (name of sensitising substance). May produce an allergic reaction.
EUH 209
209A
Can become highly flammable in use.
Can become flammable in use.
EUH 210Safety data sheet available on request.
EUH 401To avoid risks to human health and the environment, comply with the instructions for use.



P-phrases
P101If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.
P102Keep out of reach of children.
P103Read label before use.
P201Obtain special instructions before use.
P202Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking.
P211Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.
P220Keep/Store away from clothing/.../combustible materials.
P221Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles...
P222Do not allow contact with air.
P222Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire.
P230Keep wetted with...
P231Handle under inert gas.
P232Protect from moisture.
P233Keep container tightly closed.
P234Keep only in original container.
P235Keep cool.
P240Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../ equipment.
P242Use only non-sparking tools.
P243Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P244Keep reduction valves free from grease and oil.
P250Do not subject to grinding/shock/.../friction.
P251Pressurized container: Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
P260Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P262Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P263Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing.
P264Wash ... thoroughly after handling.
P270Do no eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P272Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273Avoid release to the environment.
P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P281Use personal protective equipment as required.
P282Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection.
P283Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing.
P284Wear respiratory protection.
P285In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.
P231 + P232Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P235 + P410Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.
P301IF SWALLOWED:
P302IF ON SKIN:
P303IF ON SKIN (or hair):
P304IF INHALED:
P305IF IN EYES:
P306IF ON CLOTHING:
P307IF exposed:
P308IF exposed or concerned:
P309IF exposed or if you feel unwell:
P310Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P311Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P312Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P313Get medical advice/attention.
P314Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
P315Get immediate medical advice/attention.
P320Specific treatment is urgent (see... on this label).
P321Specific treatment (see ... on this label).
P322Specific measures (see ... on this label).
P330Rinse mouth.
P331Do NOT induce vomiting.
P332If skin irritation occurs:
P333If skin irritation or rash occurs:
P334Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P335Brush off loose particles from skin.
P336Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do no rub affected area.
P337If eye irritation persists:
P338Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P340Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P341If breathing is difficult, remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P342If experiencing respiratory symptoms:
P350Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.
P351Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.
P352Wash with plenty of soap and water.
P353Rinse skin with water/shower.
P360Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P361Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
P362Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P363Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
P370In case of fire:
P371In case of major fire and large quantities:
P372Explosion risk in case of fire.
P373DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.
P374Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance.
P375Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P376Stop leak if safe to do so.
P377Leaking gas fire:
Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
P378Use... for extinction.
P380Evacuate area.
P381Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so.
P390Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.
P391Collect spillage.
P301 + P310IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P301 + P312IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P301 + P330 + P331IF SWALLOWED: rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P302 + P334IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P302 + P350IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.
P302 + P352IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.
P303 + P361 + P353IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P304 + P340IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P304 + P341IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P306 + P360IF ON CLOTHING: rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P307 + P311IF exposed: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P308 + P313IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P309 + P311IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P332 + P313If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P333 + P313If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P335 + P334Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P337 + P313If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P342 + P311If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P370 + P376In case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so.
P370 + P378In case of fire: Use... for extinction.
P370 + P380In case of fire: Evacuate area.
P370 + P380 + P375In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P371 + P380 + P375In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P401Store...
P402Store in a dry place.
P403Store in a well-ventilated place.
P404Store in a closed container.
P405Store locked up.
P406Store in corrosive resistant/... container with a resistant inner liner.
P407Maintain air gap between stacks/pallets.
P410Protect from sunlight.
P411Store at temperatures not exceeding...°C/...°F.
P412Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50°C/ 122°F.
P413Store bulk masses greater than ... kg/... lbs at temperatures not exceeding ...°C/...°F.
P420Store away from other materials.
P422Store contents under ...
P402 + P404Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.
P403 + P233Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P410 + P403Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.
P410 + P412Protect from sunlight. Do no expose to temperatures exceeding 50°C/ 122°F.
P411 + P235Store at temperatures not exceeding...°C/...°F. Keep cool.
P501Dispose of contents/container to...